Cane Corso literally means bodyguards or protectors, the word Cohors meaning guardian and Canis meaning dog from Latin terminology. The dogs descend from Italy and first came into the united states in 1989. It was said that the cane corso comes from the Canis pugnaces or the Roman war dog that was utilized for many working duties and battles. Originally the Italian mastiffs were breed to hunt game and guard properties enabling their popularity throughout Italy. The Cane Corso has a history of brilliance because they are a natural working type dog and have the protective and intuitive instinct.
The Cane Corso is a large dog of molossoid type, and is closely related to the Neapolitan Mastiff. It is well built and less bulky than most other mastiff breeds. The international standard states, dogs should stand some 62-70 cm at the withers and weigh 45-50 kg; bitches are about 4 cm smaller, and weigh some 5 kg less.
The head of the corso is large, atleast over one third of the height at the withers in length, with a well-defined stop. The top of the cranium is flat and slightly convergent to the muzzle. The eyes are oval in shape, and set well apart. The iris of the eye should be as dark as possible.
The coat of the corso is short, dense and lustrous. The usual color is black but their are also various shades of grey or brindled. Can either be black brindled, blue brindled or just brindle. Their are other rarer colors such as the fawn or formentino, white lightish color that was prized in italia and the red cane corso.
A 2017 study of 232 Cane Corso dogs from 25 countries found an average life span of 9.3 years, varying with different coat colours. The longest living were black brindle dogs (10.3 years) followed by brindle dogs (10.1 years), grey brindle dogs (9.8 years), fawn dogs (9.0 years), black dogs (9.0 years), grey dogs (9.0 years) and other colour dogs (8.1 years).
The Cane Corso is usually kept as a companion dog or guard dog, it may also be used to protect livestock and herd cattle.
It is subject to a working trial: in order to qualify for registration, dogs must show tranquility in the presence of inoffensive strangers, indifference to gunfire, and aggressive defence of the owner against an attacker.